For almost two decades now, access to the Internet at a speed that is at least decent, is a pressing need for companies, governmental entities, internationals organizations and even for the people themselves who have to use the Internet to develop many of their daily activities.
In other regions of the world, as in the case of Latin America, only 51% of the population is connected, since connection prices are only accessible to a small percentage of the population. For example, in Peru and Argentina prices are high, while in Brazil they are much more accessible, thanks to “Peering”.
In Haiti, because of its extreme poverty and the lack of public and private resources to invest in better access to the internet and in Bolivia, because of its poverty, access to the Internet is deficient. Cuba, by its dictatorial regime, Venezuela, by its dictatorship and Nicaragua, by the same reason, they have a very limited access.
In case you did not know, we told you that, sometimes, two companies can connect their networks without the need for any intermediary. It is what is called “voluntary interconnection” or “Peering”, which comes free to the companies involved. It turns out that the percentage of “Peering” in Europe is relatively high (60%), as in the United States and Canada.
What happens to South America, Oceania, Asia and Africa?
South America and Oceania are the regions of the world, where Internet connection is more expensive. Therefore, access is limited especially in South America. In Australia and New Zealand, prices are 17 times higher than in Europe and the United States. However, in view of the high per capita income of these two countries, access is good, except for the less privileged social classes.
With regard to Asia and Africa, we have that the prices are relatively moderate (neither very high nor very low). In Africa, in particular, Internet connection costs are 3.5 times more expensive than in the United States and Europe. If we add the extreme poverty of most countries, the result is obvious: the connectivity is reduced in most countries.
In Asia, traffic is seven times more expensive than in Europe, but many countries have very good per-capita income levels, allowing companies and citizens to access the internet with ease. However, the recurring socio-political and war conflicts in the Middle East has made the connection have many and varied problems. Countries like Irak, Siria, Afganistan y Pakistan have very limited acces.